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Name: IC 5148
Description: Planetary Nebula
Position (J2000): RA 2h1 59m 35.21s Dec -39° 23' 8.15"
Constellation: Grus
Distance: 3000 light years
Visual Magnitude: 12.0
Field of view: 4.18 x 4.18 arcminutes
Orientation: North is 0.9° left of vertical
Image Credit: ESO
Release date: October 15, 2012
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ABOUT THIS IMAGE:

IC 5148 is a beautiful planetary nebula located some 3000 light-years away in the constellation of Grus (The Crane). The nebula has a diameter of a couple of light-years, and it is still growing at over 50 kilometers per second - one of the fastest expanding planetary nebulae known. The term "planetary nebula" arose in the 19th century, when the first observations of such objects - through the small telescopes available at the time - looked somewhat like giant planets. However, the true nature of planetary nebulae is quite different.

When a star with a mass similar to or a few times more than that of our Sun approaches the end of its life, its outer layers are thrown off into space. The expanding gas is illuminated by the hot remaining core of the star at the center, forming the planetary nebula, which often takes on a beautiful, glowing shape.

When observed with a smaller amateur telescope, this particular planetary nebula shows up as a ring of material, with the star - which will cool to become a white dwarf - shining in the middle of the central hole. This appearance led astronomers to nickname IC 5148 the Spare Tire Nebula.

The ESO Faint Object Spectrograph and Camera (EFOSC2) on the New Technology Telescope at La Silla gives a somewhat more elegant view of this object. Rather than looking like a spare tire, the nebula resembles ethereal blossom with layered petals.