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A New View of the Tarantula Nebula
Tarantula Nebula, 30 Doradus
Description: Normal Stars & Star Clusters
Position (J2000): RA 05h 38m 42.9s | Dec -69° 06' 3"
Scale: 13 arcmin across (about 600 light years across)
Observation Date: 09/21/1999 - 01/30/2006
Observation Time: 31 hours 40 min.
Color Code: X-ray (Blue); Infrared (Red); Optical (Green)
Distance Estimate: About 160,000 light years
Size: 1100 light years across
Image Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/PSU/L.Townsley et al.; Optical: NASA/STScI; Infrared: NASA/JPL/PSU/L.Townsley et al.
Release Date: April 17, 2012
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ABOUT THIS IMAGE:
To celebrate its 22nd anniversary in orbit, the Hubble Space Telescope has released a dramatic new image of the star-forming region 30 Doradus, also known as the Tarantula Nebula because its glowing filaments resemble spider legs. A new image from all three of NASA's Great Observatories - Chandra, Hubble, and Spitzer - has also been created to mark the event.
30 Doradus is located in the neighboring galaxy called the Large Magellanic Cloud, and is one of the largest star-forming regions located close to the Milky Way . At the center of 30 Doradus, thousands of massive stars are blowing off material and producing intense radiation along with powerful winds. The Chandra X-ray Observatory detects gas that has been heated to millions of degrees by these stellar winds and also by supernova explosions. These X-rays, colored blue in this composite image, come from shock fronts -- similar to sonic booms -- formed by this high-energy stellar activity.
Hubble data in the composite image, colored green, reveals the light from
these massive stars along with different stages of star birth including
embryonic stars a few thousand years old still wrapped in cocoons of dark
gas. Infrared emission from Spitzer, seen in red, shows cooler gas and
dust that have giant bubbles carved into them. These bubbles are sculpted
by the same searing radiation and strong winds that comes from the massive
stars at the center of 30 Doradus.