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A Pinwheel in Many Colors
The Pinwheel Galaxy, M101, NGC 5457
Description: Normal Galaxies & Starburst Galaxies
Coordinates (J2000): RA 14h 03m 12.59s Dec +54° 20 56.70''
Constellation: Ursa Major
Observation Dates: 03/26/2000 - 01/01/2005 with 26 pointings
Observation Time: 274 hours (11 days 10 hours)
Scale: Image is 16.8 arcmin across
Color Code: X-ray (Purple); Infrared (Red); Optical (Yellow); Ultraviolet (Blue)
Distance Estimate: About 21 million light years
Image Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/SAO; IR & UV: NASA/JPL-Caltech; Optical: NASA/STScI
Release Date: May 24, 2012
Optical view: G0610a
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ABOUT THIS IMAGE:
This image of the Pinwheel Galaxy, or also known as M101, combines data in the infrared, visible, ultraviolet and X-rays from four of NASA's space-based telescopes. This multi-spectral view shows that both young and old stars are evenly distributed along M101's tightly-wound spiral arms. Such composite images allow astronomers to see how features in one part of the spectrum match up with those seen in other parts. It is like seeing with a regular camera, an ultraviolet camera, night-vision goggles and X-ray vision, all at the same time.
The Pinwheel Galaxy is in the constellation of Ursa Major (also known as the Big Dipper). It is about 70% larger than our own Milky Way Galaxy, with a diameter of about 170,000 light years, and sits at a distance of 21 million light years from Earth. This means that the light we're seeing in this image left the Pinwheel Galaxy about 21 million years ago - many millions of years before humans ever walked the Earth.
The hottest and most energetic areas in this composite image are shown in purple, where the Chandra X-ray Observatory observed the X-ray emission from exploded stars, million-degree gas, and material colliding around black holes.
The red colors in the image show infrared light, as seen by the Spitzer Space Telescope. These areas show the heat emitted by dusty lanes in the galaxy, where stars are forming.
The yellow component is visible light, observed by the Hubble Space Telescope. Most of this light comes from stars, and they trace the same spiral structure as the dust lanes seen in the infrared.
The blue areas are ultraviolet light, given out by hot, young stars that formed about 1 million years ago, captured by the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX).